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Written by Kyla Salisbury, Published on October 24, 2017

Iontophoresis and phonophoresis are intervention options therapists use to treat several different physical conditions.

Physical agent modalities (PAMs) include superficial modalities such as thermotherapy and cryotherapy, and deep modalities such as ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and the application of topical medications. The two forms of topical medication application include iontophoresis and phonophoresis. Unfortunately, in educational settings and in practice, iontophoresis and phonophoresis are under-discussed and underutilized.

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Topics:agentapplicationClinicaliontophoresismodalitiesmodalityPAMsphonophoresisphysicaltreatment

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